America’s second class citizens, the Indians, have long asked for a Presidential apology for the 1890 massacre of over 300 American Indian prisoners of war at Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Instead, what was given was a 1990 statement of “deep regret” for the massacre.
From a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs dated April 12,1920, three star General Nelson A. Miles (who was in command of the 500 soldiers that massacred the POW’s) I quote:
“The present seems to me of imperative importance and justice, namely, to atone in part for the cruel and unjustifiable massacre of Indian men, and innocent women and children at Wounded Knee on the Red Cloud Reservation.”
Later in the letter he stated, “I earnestly request that these measures be urged upon the action of the Congress.”
Instead of an apology to the Sioux, the U.S. Government:
- Awarded 20 Congressional Medals of Honor to those soldiers that participated in this wholesale slaughter
- Erected a monument to the few soldiers that died at Wounded Knee at Ft. Riley, Kansas
- Attached a battle streamer to flags on display in the White House, Pentagon, West Point and Army bases through out the world.
Incredibly, the Wounded Knee Massacre is listed in the Army record as the “Battle of Wounded Knee.” And, it is a further travesty to have the 29 names of American Indians that have been awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor to be listed on the same roll with the 20 heroes of Wounded Knee.
The United State Congress passed Concurrent Resolution #153 in October, 1990 to recognize Wounded Knee as a massacre and issued a statement of deep regret.